There seems to be no sign of any life form and though... Antarctica is much more than a surface of 14,677,000 square kilometers encompassing the Pole as from latitude 60º South. Unlike the Artic, which is a floating ice layer, Antarctica is continental land which preserves around 90% of all the fresh water reserve in the world. A thick layer of ice covers over 95% of its territory, which reaches the highest elevation of all the continents, with an average height of 2,300 meters.
Except for the 350 species of plants, animal life only exists in the sea environment, where whales, seals and penguins, as well as other aquatic birds, comply with most of their life cycle.
The harsh weather conditions feature temperatures that can drop to -40°C, although in the summer, when the weather is lenient, the average temperature on the Antarctic Peninsula is about -7ºC.
In the winter, when the night seems to last forever, the sea ice accumulated in the periphery doubles the size of the continent. In summer, instead, the sun is always visible. Thus, the polar night and the midnight sun phenomena take place.
The first explorers did not arrive in Antarctica until 1773, performing real exploits to discover its impius geographical features. At present, the Antarctic Treaty enables countries such as Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, the United Kingdom, New Zeland, Norway, Belgium, Japan, the former Union of South Africa, the former USSR and the United States to carry out scientific activities and technical research on Antarctic soil.
Likewise, more and more tourists visit Anctartica every year, as it is the richest region and possesses the widest ecological diversity. And, indeed, it is worth traveling thousands of kilometers by air or sea to admire the beauty of this unique nook in the planet which remains almost unspoilt.
Depart from Ushuaia
Embark the USHUAIA in the afternoon and meet your expedition and lecture staff.
After you have settled into your cabins we sail along the famous Beagle Channel and the scenic Mackinlay Pass.
Crossing the Drake Passage.
Named after the renowned explorer, Sir Frances Drake, who sailed these waters in 1578, the Drake Passage also marks the Antarctic Convergence, a biological barrier where cold polar water sinks beneath the warmer northern waters. This creates a great upwelling of nutrients, which sustains the biodiversity of this region. The Drake Passage also marks the northern limit of many Antarctic seabirds. As we sail across the passage, Antarpply Expeditions’ lecturers will be out with you on deck to help in the identification of an amazing variety of seabirds, including many albatrosses, which follow in our wake. The USHUAIA’s open bridge policy allows you to join our officers on the bridge and learn about navigation, watch for whales, and enjoy the view. A full program of lectures will be offered as well.
The first sightings of icebergs and snow-capped mountains indicate that we have reached the South Shetland Islands, a group of twenty islands and islets first sighted in February 1819 by Capt. William Smith of the brig Williams. With favorable conditions in the Drake Passage our lecturers and naturalists will accompany you ashore as you experience your first encounter with the penguins and seals on Day 3.
Day 4 to 9
Exploring South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula.
The South Shetland Islands are a haven for wildlife. Vast penguin rookeries, beaches ruled by Antarctic fur seals and southern elephant seals make every day spent in this amazing island group unforgettable. Sailing through the narrow passage into the flooded caldera of Deception Island and the chance to swim in the hot springs of Pendulum Cove is truly amazing. King George Island, the largest of the South Shetland Islands, features colonies of nesting Adélie and Chinstrap Penguins, Kelp Gulls, Blue-eyed Cormorants, Antarctic Terns and Southern Giant Petrels and is home to scientific bases of many different countries. Macaroni, Chinstrap and Gentoo Penguins as well as elephant seals await you at Livingston Island.
The Antarctic Peninsula’s remarkable history will provide you with a type of excitement often only associated with the early explorers. You will have plenty of time to explore its amazing scenery, a pristine wilderness of snow, ice, mountains and waterways, and an incredible wide variety of wildlife. Apart from penguins and seabirds you are very likely to see Weddell, crabeater and leopard seals as well as Minke, killer (orca) and humpback whales at close range.
We hope to navigate some of the most beautiful waterways (depending on the ice conditions): the Gerlache Strait, the Neumayer Channel, and the Lemaire Channel, the latter are narrow passages between towering rock faces and spectacular glaciers. We plan to make at least two landings per day.
Possible landing sites may include:
Paradise Bay is perhaps the most aptly named place in the world and we attempt a landing on the continent proper. After negotiating the iceberg-strewn waters of the Antarctic Sound, we hope to visit the bustling Adélie Penguin (over 100,000 pairs breed here) and Blue-eyed Cormorant colonies on Paulet Island. The Nordenskjöld expedition built a stone survival hut here in 1903. Today its ruins have been taken over by nesting penguins.
Further exploration may take you to Melchior Island, Cuverville Island, Portal Point, Neko Harbour, Pléneau Island and if ice conditions permit, to Petermann Island for a visit to the southernmost colony of Gentoo Penguins.
Breakfast At Sea crossing the Drake Passage, northbound.
We leave Antarctica and head north across the Drake Passage. Join our lecturers and naturalists on deck as we search for seabirds and whales and enjoy some final lectures. Take the chance to relax and reflect on the fascinating adventures of the past days on the way back to Ushuaia.
Arrival at Ushuaia.
We arrive at Ushuaia in the early morning and disembark the USHUAIA after breakfast.