Located in South America, and thus, in the southern hemisphere, Argentina has an area of almost 3.8 million square kilometres, Its border with Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile has a perimeter of 9,376 Km, while the territory bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.

About Argentina
Argentina’s main characteristic is the enormous contrast between the immense eastern plains and the impressive Andes mountain range to the west.
From Jujuy to Tierra del Fuego, the Andes present marvellous contrasts: the Northwest plateaus, the lake region, the forests and glaciers in the Patagonia.
To the north, Chaco is a forested area linked to rivers Bermejo, Salado and Pilcomayo.
Between the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, the Argentine Mesopotamia (provinces of Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Misiones) is formed by low hills, where pools and marshlands evidence the ancient courses of these great rivers. In some places within the subtropical rain forest, there are fissures which provide such spectacular phenomena as the Iguazú Falls.
The Pampas, in the centre of Argentina, is the largest and best-known area of plains. Agricultural and livestock activities are performed in this area, which includes the province of Buenos Aires, the northeast of La Pampa, the south of Córdoba and south of Santa Fe. To the south, the plains give way to small hills in Tandil and de la Ventana, and to the west, to the Córdoba hills.
Towards the south, from the Andes to the sea, there appear the sterile and stony plateaus of Patagonia, swept by the wind during most of the year. The Atlantic coast, lined with high cliffs, forms massive indentations like the Peninsula Valdes, with its spectacular and unique colonies of sea animals.

The country’s territory offers a wide variety of climates: subtropical in the North, sub-Antarctic in the southern Patagonia, and mild and humid in the Pampas plains. Average temperature from November to March is 23° C, and 12° C from June to September.

Argentina's current population is more than 40 million inhabitants, almost half of which live in the city and the province of Buenos Aires. Population density calculated on a national basis is 14 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Spanish is the official language of the Argentine Republic. In Buenos Aires, some “lunfardo” expressions -city slang - are used.

History and name” Argentina”
It comes from the Latin term “argentum”, which means silver. The origin of this name goes back to the first voyages made by the Spanish conquerors to the Río de la Plata. The survivors of the shipwrecked expedition mounted by Juan Díaz de Solís found indigenous people in the region who gave them silver objects as presents. The news about the legendary Sierra del Plata - a mountain rich in silver - reached Spain around 1524. As from this date, the Portuguese named the river of Solís, Río de la Plata (River of Silver). Two years later the Spanish used the same name. The National Constitution adopted in 1853 included the name “República Argentina” (Argentine Republic) among the official names to designate the government and the country’s territory.

Location, area and frontiers
It is 3,800 Km. long and is located between latitude 22º and 55º. This is the frontier with Chile and boasts the highest peak in the Western hemisphere: the 6,959 m high Aconcagua.

Getting to Argentina
All airlines flying to Argentina arrive mainly at Ezeiza (“Ministro Pistarini”) International Airport, which is 37 Km away from the City of Buenos Aires.

When to travel
Remember that in the southern hemisphere seasons are the opposite to those in the northern hemisphere. In general, the summer is the best time to visit Patagonia and the Southern Andes because of the mild temperatures and long days. Wintertime is recommended for travelling to the North and Northwest as rains are less frequent and tropical temperatures drop a few degrees. Autumn and spring are marvellous in Buenos Aires, Cuyo and the pre-mountain range areas of La Rioja and Catamarca.

Getting around
Due to the country’s large size, planes are best to travel long distances, and you can then take overland transportation to get to your final destination. Domestic flights and flights to Uruguay depart from Jorge Newbery Airport, located to the north of the city beside the Río de la Plata.

Entry Request Fee
When entering Argentine Territory, American, Canadian and Australian passport holders visiting Argentina (as tourists or on business), will be required to pay the reciprocity fee according to these amounts:

- Australia: U$D 100. - (valid for 1 year)
- Canada: U$D 75. - (valid one entrance) o U$D 150. - (multiple entrances per 5 years)
- USA: U$D 160 (valid for 10 years).-

Note: rates subject to modications based upon reciprocity.

The payment of this “reciprocity fee” is not a Visa since Argentina does not require Visa to the nationals of the mentioned countries when traveling for tourism or business purposes. The Argentine Government set this entry fee on equal amounts to those Argentine citizens must pay when requesting a Visa to travel to those countries.

The Argentinean National Immigration Directorate (DNM) has launched an online method of payment to enable payment of the reciprocity fee via credit card, through the Provincia Pagos payment system.

Reciprocity must be paid before entering Argentina (by air or land) by accessing the following websites: and

How can I pay the Reciprocity Fee Online?

1. Register at and obtain an entry code.
2. Complete the form including personal and credit card details. This information and the entry code will be
sent electronically to the DNM.
3. After payment is processed, print the receipt.
4. Upon arrival in Argentina, go to the DNM Oce and present the printed receipt.
5. The receipt will be scanned by DNM sta and the data will be validated to enable entry to Argentina.

Download instructions

Payment methods
Pesos is the local currency. Although US Dollars and Euros are generally taken everywhere, foreign currencies can be exchanged in banks and authorized bureaus. Credit cards are widely accepted. There may be difficulties in changing traveler's check outside Buenos Aires.


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